Jupiter planet 345.78 million km away from the earth. Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system, next to the mars. If we zoom in to Jupiter it is still visible in the night sky. The name of this planet has been used many times. I’m guessing the origin for its name might be related to the meaning of the other names it is called.
Jupiter planet is 1,300 times bigger than Earth. We do not know a lot about Jupiter, but we do know that it is among the most massive planets in our solar system and that it is a giant gas giant.
There are some interesting facts about Jupiter planet that you must know. So we will tell you about Jupiter Facts in detail through this article, which you will definitely like. So let’s start.
Top 10 Interesting Facts about Jupiter Planet.
From its incredible 67 moons to its fascinating mythological background, we countdown the top 10 Interesting Facts about Jupiter.
10. The basics Jupiter, the giant ball of gas, is the largest planet in the solar system.
Featuring fierce hurricanes and windy zones, Jupiter is so massive that it can easily house all other planets in the solar system inside it. Not only that, but it is also one of the brightest objects in the night sky of Earth.
It is so cool that Romans of the ancient times named it after their god, Jupiter, the god of sky and thunder.
9. Jupiter has 67 moons
We are not kidding! Jupiter has 67 confirmed moons revolving around it. It has the highest number of natural satellites in the entire solar system.
There are four large Galilean moons (Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto), inner satellites (the Amalthea group: Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea, and Thebe), and rest of them come under irregular satellites that are smaller in size. Ganymede, the largest moon of Jupiter, is worth a mention. It is the only moon in the solar system to have its own magnetic field. Its size is also admirable because it is even bigger than Mercury!
Moreover, scientists have found out that Europa, the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System, has the ability to support life. It is hypothesized that a huge water ocean lies beneath its surface that might house extraterrestrial life.
8. The Solar System’s Vacuum Cleaner
Jupiter, the King of Planets, is our cosmic protector. Thanks to its enormous size, Jupiter is gifted with immense gravity. Its gravitational field is so strong that it reaches out to Saturn.
It keeps sucking in a large number of asteroids, meteors, and comets that could hit and destroy Earth if they come any closer. There is a band of icy comets called Oort Cloud and it is approximately a light-year from the Sun. Jupiter’s gravitational influence has been keeping the comets of Oort Cloud at bay.
However, there is a dark side of Jupiter as well. It does save our solar system from dangerous impacts, but it also throws out comets that could prove to be just as fatal.
7. Planetary Ring System
Unlike Saturn’s icy rings, Jupiter’s planetary ring system is very thin and faint, and mainly consists of collisional debris and dust.
The rings are composed of three segments that include an inner halo, a brighter ring, and an outer gauze-like ring structure. The thickness of rings ranges from 2,000 to 12,500 km.
6. Space Probes Up till now, nine spacecraft have been sent to Jupiter.
Pioneer 10 was the very first spacecraft to explore Jupiter. Conducted in December 1973, the flyby mission studied the Jupiter’s atmosphere, took close-up images of the planet and its Galilean moons, identified its strong magnetic field, predicted that Jupiter is mainly fluid and observed its radiation belts. Other flyby missions include Pioneer 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Ulysses, Cassini–Huygens and New Horizons missions.
Galileo mission is the only orbiter mission that sent a spacecraft to Jupiter’s orbit. Another spacecraft, Juno (2016), is currently on its way to Jupiter, and it will focus on its moons, core, deep winds, and the possibility of subsurface oceans.
5. The core of Jupiter
Despite the missions, astronomers are still figuring out what the core of Jupiter is like. It is predicted that it has a rocky core but its composition is still not known.NASA’s Juno (2016) will look for these clues. It has been sent to find out whether the planet’s core is rocky, watery or something entirely different.
4. Mythology of Jupiter
As mentioned above, Jupiter is named after Jupiter (also known as Jove), the god of sky and thunder, by ancient Romans.
Its astronomical symbol (♃) represents Jove’s lightning bolt. Jove is equivalent to the mythical Greek God Zeus, and Greeks called the planet ‘blazing’. In Chinese, Korean and Japanese cultures, Jupiter is known as the ‘wood star’.
In the English language and German mythology, Jupiter is equal to Thor. Hindus called it ‘Guru’ which means a spiritual teacher. In Turkish and Central Asian myths, Jupiter is called Erendiz.
3. The Fastest Rotation
It’s like Jupiter cannot help being the cool one. As if its large size, a number of moons and super magnetic fields were not cool enough, it also ended up being the fastest one. It rotates around its axis within only 10 hours and has the shortest days in the entire solar system.
2. Jupiter’s atmosphere and clouds
Jupiter has the largest atmosphere in the solar system. The atmosphere is made up of hydrogen, helium, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, methane, and water. It is covered with layers of clouds that are composed of ammonia crystals and ammonium hydrosulfide.
The clouds have a striped pattern and move in that fashions across the planet.
1. The Great Red Spot
The Great Red Spot is a persistent anticyclonic storm that has been going on over 350 years! The vortex is so large that it can be seen via Earth’s telescopes.
It was first discovered by Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1665. Although it is mostly red in color, the color varies. The vortex can be brick red, light salmon and even white. At times, the Great Red Spot has been known to completely disappear. According to scientists, such storms are very common in giant gas planets.
Jupiter is a very windy planet, and numerous storms go on that could last for years. Hey guys its Latest Techno News, thanks for reading my article on the Top 10 Interesting Facts about Jupiter Planet.
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