This article has been just updated: December 15th, 2019
SpaceX’s next-generation Mars-colonized starship vehicle could make its first supernatural touchdown just three short years.
SpaceX is eligible to propose to use its starship vehicle to carry NASA robotic science payloads to the lunar surface, the U.S. The space agency on Monday 18 November announced missions that could fly with people in future starship flights.
SpaceX Starship Update | SpaceX to Land A Massive Spaceship on The Moon In 2022 for NASA.
In its continuing effort to send cargo – and eventually people – to the lunar surface, NASA announced five new partnerships with commercial space companies that have designed robotic landers through the agency’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program Can carry large payloads on the moon.
SpaceX proposed to do this work with Starship and Super Heavy, the reusable spaceship-rocket duo the company is developing to help humanity become a polygamous species. And the SpaceX starship could begin to place NASA payloads on Earth’s nearest neighbor if all goes according to plan.
“For commercial lunar payload services, we offered SpaceX starship and super-heavy launch capability,” said Gwen Shotwell, president, and chief operating officer of SpaceX.
“This capacity is greater than the mass that was looking for commercial lunar payload services, but we think that the commercial lunar payload service program for NASA and others has quite an extraordinary potential.
Shotwell said that the SpaceX starship is capable of carrying 100 metric tons on the dusty surface of the moon on every voyage.
NASA should be able to deliver at least 22 pounds or 10 kilograms of load on the moon to commercial lunar payload service providers. Shotwell said that SpaceX, founded by billionaire Elon Musk, aimed to land a SpaceX starship on the moon in 2022.
SpaceX is also excited about the CLPS partnership. Shotship said the SpaceX starship was always designed to carry people but would prove a vehicle for early untouched efforts such as communications-satellite launches, CLPS flights, and cargo missions.
“The CLPS is a masterpiece that we want to achieve with the SpaceX starship,” he said, the way SpaceX designed the cargo version of the Dragon Human capsule and built the advanced human-rated Dragon spacecraft.
“We’re taking advantage of NASA initially for cargo and science, so I think it’s a good move and a good way to get comfortable with the technology … so that it puts people on board Be reliable enough. “
NASA partners with SpaceX and to send large payloads to the Moon.
Let me go into details.
The other four companies to join the commercial lunar payload services pool this Monday include California-based Ceres Robotics and Tyvac Nano-Satellite Systems; Sierra Nevada Corp of Colorado; And Washington-based Blue Origin.
They include Astrobiotic, Deep Space Systems, Draper, Firefly Aerospace, Sahaj Machines, Lockheed Martin, Masten Space Systems, Moon Express and Orbit Beyond, nine companies selected as commercial lunar payload service providers last year.
The companies are being added on Monday — all nine pledge to transport heavier payloads than the original CLPS companies.
The original nine companies should be able to carry up to 22 pounds (10 kg) to the lunar surface, but some of these new providers claim they will eventually be able to carry up to several tons of moons.
“We need and need to bring in some additional providers who have enhanced lander capabilities,” said Steve Clarke, deputy associate administrator for exploration at NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, announcing the new CLPS participants during a press conference. “
“It’s based on our objectives – the agency’s objectives – to get to the moon as soon as possible, from a scientific point of view and from a human exploration point of view.”
Clarke said NASA received eight offers to join the roster of commercial lunar payload service providers.
The agency selected five companies for “on-ramp” in the CLPS program. “All of them bring with different strengths and different ideas, and as NASA we want to bring in and use commercial services even further,” Clarke said. “We can have as many different views as we want on the table.” So we are eager to listen to the reading and assess the thoughts when we have given these work orders.”
For Blue Origin, the company is bidding for its very public Blue Moon lander design, which its founder Jeff Bezos first unveiled in May.
Blue Origin’s Blue Moon cargo lander can deliver approximately 8,000 pounds or 3.6 metric tons of payload equipment to the lunar surface. Brent Sherwood, Blue Native’s senior vice president of advanced development programs, said Monday that the Blue Moon lander is designed to survive a two-week-long lunar night and could launch on the company’s New Glenn rocket.
Some companies are quite ambitious with their deadlines, claiming they will be able to send their spacecraft to the moon within the next few years. Ceres Robotics is aiming to land by 2023, while the Sierra Nevada Corporation says it will be ready by 2022.
John Roth, vice president of business development at the Space Systems Division of Sierra Nevada, said the company would modify existing small satellite platforms for lunar lander missions to have light payloads on the moon.
Roth said the technology being developed for the Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser space station cargo transporter can be used to carry heavy equipment to the lunar surface. Early lander designs from other companies have been able to carry small payload packages to the moon.
Tirev specializes in the creation of nano-satellite systems CubeSat and other small satellites, and Ceres Robotics to develop vehicles to detect the surfaces of the Moon, Mars, asteroids and other planetary objects.
NASA launched a commercial lunar payload service program to purchase unexpected rides on the moon for the agency’s scientific payload aboard a privately-owned spacecraft.
NASA sees this commercial lunar payload services as one of the key promoters of its Artemis program of crewed lunar exploration, which aims to place two astronauts, including the first woman on the moon, by 2024 and establish a long-term human presence by 2028.
As the agency prepares to meet that challenge, NASA intends to send the technology to the Moon to study more deeply in the lunar atmosphere, as well as demonstrate technologies that are intended for future manned missions Can be used. Additionally, NASA wants to send VIPs a new rover called the Moon, which will travel towards the lunar South Pole and scout for possible water ice that may lean there.
Engineers are interested in using this water ice as a resource for future manned missions. Commercial spacecraft hardware and experiments – such as VIPER – will pave the way for these astronaut precursors, agency officials emphasized. NASA officials said that instead of buying rides on private planes and developing their own landers, the agency would save big money.
Now 14 companies are part of the Commercial Lunar Payload Services Program, eligible to compete for NASA to deliver scientific instruments to the moon. Being selected to be part of the CLPS program, each company is not guaranteed a NASA contract to send its spacecraft to the moon.
This simply means that NASA will consider using these companies whether and when it wants to send cargo or scientific equipment to the lunar surface. NASA will put out calls for capabilities that the agency wants, and companies will bid to get Moon the opportunity to fair NASA cargo.
“The services we are buying, buying, or buying, are end-to-end,” Clarke said. “The companies that we place task orders are responsible for getting a ride on a launch vehicle, and of course, delivering our devices or payloads to the surface, and then actually giving us those devices on the lunar surface or Enable payload to operate. “
“American aerospace companies of all sizes are joining the Artemis program,” NASA Administrator Jim Briden stein said in a release.
“Expanding the group of companies eligible to bid to send payloads to the lunar surface, which promotes innovation and reduces costs for NASA and US taxpayers.
We anticipate opportunities to deliver a wide range of science and technology payloads to help make our vision for lunar exploration a reality and further our goal of sending humans to explore Mars. “
In May, NASA selected three companies from its original pool of participants – Astrobotic, Intuitive Machines, and Orbit Beyond – to send a robot lander to the moon in the early 2020s, carrying a variety of payloads to each spacecraft.
Only two of those companies are now moving towards that goal, as Orbit Beyond said it will not be able to meet its final deadline at the end of 2020. None of these five companies have actually built or launched their vehicles yet, so it is possible that they will expire, and it is still unclear which rockets will make these vehicles in space Will take.
Presumably, SpaceX will launch its starship on its future rocket, Super Heavy, while the Blue Origin lander will fly on the company’s future new Glenn rocket. Details of other cargo spacecraft have not yet been finalized, and it is still unknown how NASA plans to use these companies in the coming years.
NASA is also looking at the private sector to build the crew Artemis lander. The agency selected 11 companies this May to conduct the study and make prototypes and this pool was to submit a detailed proposal by 8 November. NASA hopes to select four finalists early next year.
In October 2019, NASA unveiled new spacesuits to be worn by astronauts during upcoming moon missions.
The Exploration Extraordinary Mobility Unit, or XEMU suite for short, is designed to be less restrictive and allow more movement than previous spacesuit designs, and also protect astronauts from extreme temperatures during their lunar exploration Hope to experience.
Both Super Heavy and Starship, designed for reuse, will be powered by SpaceX’s methane-fueled Raptor rocket engine. SpaceX intends to land the Super Heavy, similar to the way the company lands the Falcon Rocket Booster.
The SpaceX starship would be equally capable of vertical landing on Earth, or on the surface of other planets. SpaceX is building prototypes of the starship vehicle in Texas and Florida. Large SpaceX starship milestones are also coming in the near future.